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Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Trichomonas vaginalis parasite

How to diagnose and manage Trichomonas vaginalisSubscription

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Trichomonas vaginalis, also known as trichomoniasis, is a curable sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. The majority of infected individuals are asymptomatic or have non-specific symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. Therefore, appropriate treatment and prevention strategies are important to prevent its spread.

3d anatomy of the eye

Chronic open-angle glaucoma: case study

Understand how to advise on chronic-open angle glaucoma, a condition in which intraocular pressure can permanently damage the optic nerve and nerve fibre, leading to blindness if left untreated.

  • Historical illustration of an eye

    Evidence-based understanding of dry eye disease in pharmacy: overview of the TFOS DEWS II report

    July 2017 saw publication of the Tear Film and Ocular Surface Society International Dry Eye Workshop report, an update to the 2007 report that became the reference for clinicians, researchers and industry on dry eye. Pharmacy is a frequent point of contact for patients with a dry eye condition. Pharmacists and pharmacy teams should therefore be aware of its changing definiton, causes, diagnosis and management.

  • Close up of elderly man holding cane

    How pharmacy can provide patient-centred care for dementia patientsSubscription

    Each person’s experience of mild cognitive impairment and dementia will be quite different. Pharmacists and pharmacy teams are well placed to assist in both the early identification of dementia, as well as to help patients manage their medicines.

  • Pharmacist explaining dispensing label to senior male patient

    How to support patients with sight loss in pharmacy

    More than two million people are affected by sight loss across the UK, which may impact on their ability to use and take their medicines correctly and safely. Here, the Royal National Institute of Blind People, Medicines Use and Safety team and Moorfields Eye Hospital provide advice and recommendations for pharmacy to provide appropriate support for people with sight loss.

  • Images of common foot conditions

    Management and treatment options for common foot conditions

    Patients of all ages visit their pharmacy to seek advice on a variety of conditions affecting their feet, but some groups, including the young and active, people with diabetes and elderly patients, are at higher risk of developing common foot conditions. Produced in partnership with RB.

  • Person using the new BNF app

    How to use the new BNF and BNF for Children app

    Around 500,000 print copies of the BNF and BNF for Children are distributed to healthcare professionals each year. A new app which combines BNF and BNF for Children content ensures the availability of drug information through a smart device.

  • Spoons of red, yellow and green medicine syrup

    How to identify and manage ‘problem’ excipients in medicines for childrenSubscription

    Children may be exposed to potentially harmful excipients, essential components of drug formulations, through unlicensed and off-label use of adult medicines. Excipient exposure should be minimised, although a medicine containing a problem excipient may be indicated, but only after a careful risk–benefit assessment.

  • Micrograph of melanoma

    Melanoma: risk factors and advice on sunscreen useSubscription

    Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 4% of all new cancer diagnoses. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals are ideally placed to offer advice to patients on the use of sunscreens to limit UV exposure, reducing their risk of developing melanoma.

  • Chickenpox rash close up

    Rashes in childrenSubscription

    Rashes in children are common and may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, therefore, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation in order to make the appropriate diagnosis.

  • Three and a half month-old baby receives DTP vaccination which protects infants from diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough)

    Whooping cough: public health management and guidanceSubscription

    Pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly contagious, acute bacterial infection. It can affect people of all ages, but is especially dangerous in vulnerable groups, such as unimmunised infants.

  • Close up of young woman holding elderly patient's hand

    Facilitating anticipatory prescribing in end-of-life careSubscription

    Anticipatory prescribing enables patients in the last days and weeks of their lives to have their symptoms managed at home. Pharmacists are ideally positioned to provide practical support and advice to other healthcare professionals on the prescribing and administration of anticipatory medicines and to facilitate timely supply.

  • Close up of a health worker examining a toddler's ear

    How to diagnose and manage primary and secondary earache and ear infectionsSubscription

    Earache is a common problem that can be the result of a variety of different pathologies. It is important for pharmacists and healthcare professionals to appropriately diagnose primary and secondary earache and ear infections.

  • Close up of a man using a tongue scraper

    Advising patients on halitosis and oral hygieneSubscription

    Halitosis (bad breath) is estimated to be the third most frequent reason for patients to seek dental care, following tooth decay and gum disease. Pharmacists are ideally placed to promote oral health and provide patients with advice on the prevention and management of halitosis.

  • Pharmacist takes the blood pressure of an elderly patient

    How to support cancer patients in community pharmaciesSubscription

    Every community pharmacy team will come into contact with cancer patients or their family members. This article aims to provide community pharmacists and healthcare professionals with the tools to be able to speak confidently to patients with cancer and summarises the useful resources available.

  • Man looking at gluten free products in a supermarket

    How to identify symptoms of coeliac disease in community pharmacy and primary careSubscription

    It is estimated that in the UK there are more than half a million people with clinically undiagnosed coeliac disease, caused by an adverse immune response to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals can play a key role in identifying individuals with symptoms, referring them for testing, ultimately leading to earlier diagnosis.

  • Amniocentesis

    Preconception care: genetic and pre-existing conditionsSubscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals can provide appropriate and comprehensive preconception care by identifying couples who are at risk of having a baby with a genetic or chromosomal malformation and can empower the couple by giving them enough knowledge to make informed decisions.

  • Staff meeting at a general practice

    Understanding the aims of sustainability and transformation plans (STPs) and what they mean for pharmacySubscription

    An overview of sustainability and transformation plans (STPs) — which the NHS will use to deliver the ‘Five year forward view’ — and how to work with them.

  • Health worker holding a dying patient's hand

    Communicating with palliative care patients nearing the end of life, their families and carersSubscription

    Pharmacists are becoming increasingly involved in palliative care and can be a source of important information and support for patients at the end of life. Health professionals caring for patients with advanced illness should develop skills for communicating with patients, and their families and carers.

  • Woman holds a positive pregnancy test

    Preconception care: dietary and lifestyle adviceSubscription

    Engagement by women with a pharmacist or healthcare professional for preconception advice and care ranges from 18% to 45%. Pharmacists are uniquely placed to provide this advice when individuals present for new registration checks, well-woman consultations, contraceptive advice and reviews, as well as medicine use reviews.

  • Images of 2016 highlights of CPD and learning

    Highlights of CPD and learning in 2016Subscription

    Try our clinical quiz, with questions taken from this year’s learning and CPD articles, and check your knowledge of subjects ranging from antimicrobial therapy to bipolar disorder.

  • Papers with statistical data

    A basic introduction to statisticsSubscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals involved in research and report writing should have an understanding of basic statistical methods that can be applied to study data and used in reporting research results.

  • Female student researching in a library

    How to write a research article to submit for publicationSubscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals who are undertaking research should have an understanding of how to produce a research article for publication, and should be aware of the important considerations relating to submission to a peer-reviewed journal.

  • Pharmacist in consultation with patient

    How to build and maintain trust with patients

    Patients are more likely to open up and disclose information if they trust their pharmacist or healthcare professional, and a better quality of interaction may result in greater patient autonomy and shared decision-making.

  • Series of graphs and charts that can be used in a poster or presentation

    Presenting data visually for a poster or presentationSubscription

    How to present research findings and other data using a poster or interactive presentation.

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