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CPD modules

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  • Chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy

    Implementing chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy in practice Subscription

    How pharmacists can ensure the safe delivery of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy by ensuring governance, operational and clinical requirements are met.

  • Tetanus vaccination

    Tetanus: symptoms, treatment and vaccination

    Although most people in the UK will be vaccinated against tetanus as a child, immunity does not always persist into adulthood. It is important that pharmacists can recognise the symptoms and know the treatments available for this disease.

  • ECG heart cardiovascular test

    Acute coronary syndrome: risk factors, diagnosis and treatment Subscription

    This overview describes the different management options for acute coronary syndrome and how pharmacists can support patients with the condition.

  • Pack of amisulpride tablets

    Schizophrenia: recognition and management Subscription

    Common medicines used to manage schizophrenia have many side effects that can cause significant morbidity. Regular monitoring and support can ensure patients improve outcomes.

  • Light micrograph of blood cells from bone marrow in a case of acute leukaemia

    Treatment of acute and chronic lymphoid leukaemia Subscription

    Pharmacists should be able to describe the differences between acute lymphoblastic and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and the available treatment.

  • Dosette box

    Polypharmacy: putting the framework into practice Subscription

    This article describes how to apply the polypharmacy framework at individual patient level through the use of a case study.

  • Polypharmacy concept, pills in a jar

    Polypharmacy: a framework for theory and practice Subscription

    There are several tools pharmacists can use when assessing a patient’s medicines; however, patient input and appropriate questions can have a profound impact in ensuring medicines optimisation.

  • Twinrix vaccine for Hepatitis A and B

    Hepatitis A infection: symptoms and management Subscription

    Pharmacists must understand how hepatitis A is spread and how it affects patients in order to ensure prompt, effective treatment and to reduce the spread of the infection.

  • Blood glucose test

    Diagnosis and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus Subscription

    Patient education and self management are central to treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and preventing its associated complications.

  • endometriosis

    Endometriosis: symptoms, diagnosis and management Subscription

    Early diagnosis and multi-modal treatment is necessary to improve quality of life in adolescents and women with endometriosis.

  • X ray of an enlarged heart

    Heart failure, older people and frailty Subscription

    Diagnosis of heart failure and frailty can often be masked by other long-term conditions, making the delivery of treatment goals complicated.

  • Leydig cells TEM

    Testosterone deficiency: diagnosis, assessment and treatment Subscription

    Male hypogonadism can significantly affect health and quality of life; however, diagnosis and management can be challenging.

  • Osteoporotic bone SEM

    Managing osteoporosis in older people Subscription

    How to understand bone health in the context of the older person, including risk assessment, prevention and the management of osteoporosis in patients likely to have multiple comorbidities.

  • Early lesions from Stevens–Johnson syndrome

    Stevens–Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis Subscription

    Practical guidelines for the treatment and management of Stevens–Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, rare but life-threatening conditions that are normally caused by drugs or infections.

  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

    Diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Subscription

    Pharmacists can play a vital role in the diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and can help improve outcomes and the burden of disease.

  • Urogram of urine in normal human bladder

    Managing the symptoms of overactive bladder Subscription

    Overactive bladder can be distressing and embarrassing. Understanding the symptoms, diagnosis and evidence-based management can significantly improve quality of life.

  • Angiogram of a calf showing deep vein thrombosis

    Prevention of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised patients Subscription

    Pharmacists should note the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence’s updated guidance on use of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in a range of hospitalised patient groups.

  • Illustration of cytochrome P450. Enzymes within the cytochrome P450 superfamily are essential for the metabolism of many medicines

    Tobacco smoking and its potential drug interactions Subscription

    Smoking and smoking cessation treatments have a pharmacological impact on some commonly used drugs and should be taken into account during the selection, introduction and cessation of medicines.

  • Heart failure fluorescent micrograph

    Pathophysiology and management of heart failure

    Ensuring patients are optimised on maximum tolerated doses of medicines in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is essential in minimising the burden of the condition.

  • Close up of an IV drip

    Intravenous fluid management Subscription

    An introduction to fluid management for adults in hospitals, covering replacement during resuscitation, malnourished patients and following large electrolyte losses.

  • Patient with post operative vomiting

    Management of post-operative nausea and vomiting in adults Subscription

    The evidence base supporting pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for nausea and vomiting after surgery.

  • Intestinal ulcer

    Management of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding Subscription

    An overview of the assessment process for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the hospital setting and the treatment options available.

  • Liver cirrhosis micrograph

    Palliative management in end-stage liver disease Subscription

    Early palliative interventions, including reviewing regular medicines and managing common symptoms, enables patients to remain comfortable during end-of-life care.

  • Blood sample

    Diagnosis and management of anaemia in adults with chronic kidney disease Subscription

    An overview of the treatments for anaemia in chronic kidney disease and the tests needed to prescribe and assess their effectiveness.

  • Brain activity in Parkinson's disease, SPECT scans

    Parkinson’s disease: management and guidance Subscription

    An overview of Parkinson’s disease management, including discussion of the updated National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines.

  • Insulin injection for type 1 diabetes

    Diagnosis and management of type 1 diabetes mellitus Subscription

    An overview of management options for type 1 diabetes, the types of insulin, insulin regimens and strengths available for its day-to-day management as well as how to adjust doses and the role of carbohydrate counting and blood glucose monitoring.

  • SEM of tumour in lung

    Lung cancer: advances in management and therapy Subscription

    An overview of traditional and emerging immunotherapy-based targets and treatments available for lung cancer, their side effects and the impact immune checkpoint inhibitors have had on the treatment of non–small-cell lung cancer.

  • PET scan of an epileptic brain

    Refractory epilepsy: management in tertiary care Subscription

    Epilepsy is a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness or convulsions, associated with neurones exhibiting abnormally high electrical excitability in the brain.

  • Back of young school girl's head in class

    Depression in children and young people: identification and management Subscription

    As one of the most common paediatric psychiatric disorders, pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to be aware of the symptoms of depression and be able to assess children and young people who may be at risk.

  • Plaque type psoriasis

    Assessment and management of psoriasis in adults in primary care Subscription

    Psoriasis is a complex, multifactorial, inflammatory disease associated with a significantly impaired quality of life. Around 80% of patients with plaque psoriasis have mild-to-moderate disease that is amenable to treatment in primary care, particularly through pharmacy, with topical therapies.

  • Scanning electron microscope of lung tissue

    Diagnosis and management of hospital-acquired pneumonia in older adults Subscription

    Hospital‑acquired pneumonia increases the length of in-patient hospital stay and is associated with high mortality rates, particularly in older people. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to know how to diagnose and manage the condition, and be cognisant of the gaps in the evidence base.

  • 3D scan showing brain haemorrhage stroke

    Stroke: classification and diagnosis Subscription

    In light of the many pressures currently facing the NHS, as well as an ever increasing ageing population, pharmacists and healthcare professionals should be aware of the risk factors for stroke, its classification and diagnosis.

  • Bronchiectasis, light photomicrograph showing dilated and distorted bronchus containing pus

    Bronchiectasis: diagnosis, treatment and management Subscription

    Bronchiectasis is a common chronic disease where the airways of the lungs become abnormally widened. Patients present with recurrent cough, sputum production and are at risk of respiratory tract infections. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to be aware of the latest management strategies.

  • Pharmacogenomics concept

    Pharmacogenomics: an overview Subscription

    With the NHS working towards the integration of personalised medicine, in particular, aiming for whole-genome sequencing to be standard for specific conditions by 2020, it is important for pharmacists and healthcare professionals to be aware of the principles of pharmacogenomics and its evolving application into clinical practice.

  • pregnant woman diabetes finger prick lancet blood ss 17

    Managing diabetes in women during preconception and pregnancy Subscription

    Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with risks to the woman and to the developing foetus. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to be able to support and educate women who are planning pregnancy and those who are already pregnant to manage their diabetes.

  • Clinician check a man's foot using a mirror

    The diabetic foot Subscription

    Diabetes-related foot problems are common, and negatively impact patients’ quality of life, so it is important that pharmacists are aware of symptoms and the relevant care pathways for these patients to ensure they receive the best care and education regarding how to manage their condition. Produced in partnership with RB.

  • Micrograph of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL)

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and diabetes: diagnosis, assessment and management Subscription

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the term for a range of conditions caused by a build-up of fat in the liver. The condition is thought to be highly prevalent; however, the dearth of symptoms during early disease and the lack of a specific diagnostic test make it difficult to detect and manage at an early stage. This presents a considerable challenge for healthcare professionals.

  • SEM of activated platelets

    Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia Subscription

    Heparin is widely used for thromboprophylaxis or as a treatment in many clinical situations, however, it can cause serious adverse effects. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), an immune-mediated adverse drug reaction, is associated with high morbidity and mortality if undiagnosed.

  • Xray showing chronic oedema in the lower limb

    Chronic oedema: treatment and the impact of prescribed medicines Subscription

    Early diagnosis of lower limb oedema is crucial to prevent early oedema becoming chronic. Pharmacists and other healthcare professionals are ideally placed to identify patients on certain medicines at higher risk of oedema, and should be aware of signs of chronic oedema when assessing patients to allow for prompt referral.

  • Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of tuberculosis (TB) bacteria infecting macrophages

    Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosis Subscription

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global health and socioeconomic challenge. The duration of current anti-TB therapies, the adverse effects of certain anti-TB drugs and the growing problem of drug-resistant TB on an international scale mean that it is imperative for new, effective and safe treatment regimens to be developed. Fluoroquinolones are a class of drugs that have been used in the treatment of TB for several decades. This article provides an overview of the current treatment ...

  • Action of serotonin reuptake inhibitors

    Depression in adults: recognition and management Subscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals should be able to recognise the symptoms of depression in people who use their services and direct them towards accessing treatment.

  • Micrograph of multiple myeloma tumour cells (green) and bone cells (red) growing on a scaffold made of silk protein (purple), designed to resemble bone material

    Multiple myeloma: pharmacological management Subscription

    Although multiple myeloma is currently regarded as being incurable in the majority of patients, the outlook for patients diagnosed with the condition has improved markedly over the past 40 years, with survival rates quadrupling. Significant advances in both treatment and supportive therapies have contributed to these improved outcomes and are discussed in this article.

  • Micrograph of Clostridium difficile bacteria

    Clostridium difficile: diagnosis and treatment update Subscription

    There are around 12,000 cases of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) each year in the UK and during 1999 to 2007, deaths from CDI peaked at around 4,000 per year. This article summarises diagnosis and management, as well as the current therapeutic options for CDI, including faecal microbiota transplant.

  • coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of bacterial blood infection (sepsis) caused by a rod shaped bacterium (blue)

    Sepsis: an update on identification and management Subscription

    All healthcare professionals, including pharmacists, should be aware of the clinical features and management of sepsis. This article summarises the recent changes in the definition of sepsis in adults, as well as its management.

  • Testing for blood clotting

    How to identify causes of a subtherapeutic INR Subscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals are often involved in the management of patients with subtherapeutic international normalised ratios (INRs), the cause of which is important to identify because this will affect decisions and the subsequent management of the patient.

  • Boy with Down's Syndrome listens to a healthcare worker

    Reducing antipsychotic prescribing in people with learning disabilities Subscription

    Pharmacists and healthcare professionals are ideally placed to review and reduce inappropriate prescribing of psychotropic medicines in people with learning disabilities safely and effectively.

  • X-ray of the intestines of a patient with Crohn's disease

    Biosimilars and inflammatory bowel disease: a switch programme using CT-P13 Subscription

    How to plan and manage switching patients from a biologic to a biosimilar in inflammatory bowel disease, using the University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust’s experience as an example.

  • Illustration antibiotic destroying bacteria

    Principles of initiating antimicrobial therapy and empiric prescribing Subscription

    Healthcare professionals should be aware of the principles of antimicrobial treatment and the need to reduce inappropriate prescribing to retain the effectiveness of drugs currently available.

  • Urticaria rash on the upper chest of a woman

    Chronic spontaneous urticaria: clinical features, diagnosis and management Subscription

    Defined as the non-inducible recurrence of wheals, angioedema or both for six weeks or more, chronic spontaneous urticaria is a difficult to diagnose and debilitating skin condition. Pharmacists should be aware of the clinical features in order to identify and manage this condition effectively.

  • Close up of a leg with livedo reticular is

    Antiphospholipid syndrome: pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment Subscription

    How antiphospholipid syndrome, also known as Hughes syndrome, is diagnosed and the appropriate therapeutic options for its management.

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