Cookie policy: This site uses cookies (small files stored on your computer) to simplify and improve your experience of this website. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies.


Subscribe or Register

Existing user? Login


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Clinical features and diagnosis

Oxygen mask

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of a large group of conditions, collectively referred to as interstitial lung diseases, that are similar in clinical and radiological presentation. Although the cause of IPF is unknown, several risk factors — such as environmental exposure to harmful substances and viral infection — have been suggested.

Diagnosis and staging of IPF are complex and involve pulmonary function assessment, high resolution computed tomography chest scans, clinical examination and exclusion of other similar conditions. For some patients, surgical biopsy may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis of IPF.

Lloyd Mayers is a respiratory pharmacist at North Bristol NHS Trust and Patricia Ging is transplant and pulmonary hypertension pharmacist at Mater Misericordiae University Hospital in Dublin, Ireland.


Citation: Clinical Pharmacist DOI: 10.1211/CP.2013.11127258

Have your say

For commenting, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines. You will be re-directed back to this page where you will have the ability to comment.

Recommended from Pharmaceutical Press

  • Print
  • Share
  • Comment
  • Save
  • Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Supplementary information

Newsletter Sign-up

Want to keep up with the latest news, comment and CPD articles in pharmacy and science? Subscribe to our free alerts.