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Pneumonia: CAP, HAP and other types

Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of mortality with four million deaths worldwide each year. This article consolidates your knowledge of symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


Pneumonia is an acute respiratory illness affecting the distal airways of the respiratory tract and lung parenchyma (ie, the lower respiratory tract). Unlike other lower respiratory tract infections, such as acute bronchitis, bronchiolitis and tracheitis, pneumonia is one of the leading causes of mortality, with four million deaths worldwide each year. Consequently it is important that pneumonia is accurately diagnosed and promptly treated.

This article outlines different types of pneumonia and their causes. Symptoms, diagnosis and recommendations for the treatment of pneumonia are also described.

To read the full article please download a PDF of the article, available in the Supplmentary information on the right hand side of this webpage.


Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal URI: 11132778

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