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Acute coronary syndrome: risk factors, diagnosis and treatment Subscription

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This overview describes the different management options for acute coronary syndrome and how pharmacists can support patients with the condition.

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Schizophrenia: recognition and management Subscription


Common medicines used to manage schizophrenia have many side effects that can cause significant morbidity. Regular monitoring and support can ensure patients improve outcomes.

Light micrograph of blood cells from bone marrow in a case of acute leukaemia

Treatment of acute and chronic lymphoid leukaemiaSubscription

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Pharmacists should be able to describe the differences between acute lymphoblastic and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and the available treatment.

Polypharmacy concept, pills in a jar

Polypharmacy: a framework for theory and practiceSubscription

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There are several tools pharmacists can use when assessing a patient’s medicines; however, patient input and appropriate questions can have a profound impact in ensuring medicines optimisation.

Twinrix vaccine for Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A infection: symptoms and managementSubscription

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Pharmacists must understand how hepatitis A is spread and how it affects patients in order to ensure prompt, effective treatment and to reduce the spread of the infection.

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Diagnosis and management of type 2 diabetes mellitusSubscription


Patient education and self management are central to treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and preventing its associated complications.


Endometriosis: symptoms, diagnosis and managementSubscription


Early diagnosis and multi-modal treatment is necessary to improve quality of life in adolescents and women with endometriosis.

More CPD articles

STOP sign in pharmacy

How to keep your community pharmacy running during the COVID-19 pandemic

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How pharmacists can implement guidance and best practice in response to the rapidly changing COVID-19 pandemic to ensure patient and staff safety, as well as the approaches pharmacy teams across the UK are taking in response to the virus.

Folder with a photo of a woman with PCOS

Case-based learning: management of polycystic ovary syndromeSubscription


As the most common incurable hormonal condition affecting women of reproductive age, polycystic ovary syndrome can lead to infertility, anxiety and cardiovascular disease if it is not managed appropriately.

Older people with Parkinson's disease in hospital

Considerations for the inpatient management of Parkinson’s disease Subscription

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Recognising and managing certain complications of Parkinson’s disease can help improve care and reduce the risk of admission for people living with the condition.

Exercise class

Encouraging self-care and positive lifestyle changes in patients with depressionSubscription


Non-pharmacological interventions, such as maintaining good sleep hygiene and a healthy diet, can help improve, resolve or prevent depression.

Someone measuring their blood pressure while exercising

Managing hypertension: the role of diet and exerciseSubscription


It is well known that high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, there are lifestyle interventions that pharmacists can encourage patients to implement to reduce this risk.

Improving oral health: preventative care messages in community pharmacy

Improving oral health: preventative care messages in community pharmacySubscription

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Dental caries, periodontal disease and oral cancer are health problems that can be prevented with the help of community pharmacists.

Case based learning postnatal depression

Case-based learning: postnatal depressionSubscription


Appropriate early recognition and timely treatment of postnatal depression is essential if patients are to make a full recovery.

Pharmacogenomic testing and its future in community pharmacy

Pharmacogenomic testing and its future in community pharmacy Subscription

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Although it is common to see pharmacogenomic testing used North America and Australia, it is not yet part of practice in the UK. With the promise of genomic screening becoming part of the NHS, pharmacists must equip themselves with a knowledge of how the process works.

Postnatal depression: recognition and diagnosis

Postnatal depression: recognition and diagnosisSubscription


Pharmacists are likely to encounter patients affected by postnatal depression; therefore, the ability to identify signs of this under-recognised disorder is essential for appropriate and prompt referral for help and support.

Developing a new hospital pharmacy service

Case study: developing a new midwifery-led hospital pharmacy serviceSubscription

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There are several factors to consider when designing a new pharmacy service — this hospital-based example helps demonstrate some of the steps involved.

Acute pain consultation in community pharmacy

How to support patients with acute pain in community pharmacySubscription

By , , Simon Jacklin,

Patients often use their pharmacy as the first point of call for advice on the management of acute pain. This article outlines how to conduct a patient-centred acute pain consultation using a shared-decision making approach.

Quiz art Dec 2019

Test yourself: the 2019 CPD and learning quiz Subscription


Take this quiz, with questions based on 2019’s CPD and learning articles, and test your knowledge of subjects ranging from dermatological conditions to infectious diseases.

Managing common ear problems: discharge, ache and dizziness

Managing common ear problems: discharge, ache and dizzinessSubscription


Pharmacists and their teams should be able to manage patients presenting with ear discharge, earache and dizziness effectively, referring patients only when necessary.

Managing ear problems

Managing ear problems: hearing loss and tinnitusSubscription


Pharmacy teams should know when to manage and refer patients presenting with hearing loss or tinnitus.

Case-based learning: palliative care

Case-based learning: palliative and end-of-life care in community pharmacySubscription


Community pharmacists encounter patients at all stages in their life; however, patients who require palliative care require dedicated time and special consideration.

Case-based learning: recognising sepsis

Case-based learning: recognising sepsisSubscription

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Sepsis can lead to organ failure and death. However, early diagnosis and recognition in the pharmacy may help prevent these potentially fatal consequences.

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Implementing a cold and flu training programme in the community pharmacy

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Practical steps for implementing a training programme to support staff in delivering consistent and reliable cold and flu management advice to the public.

Woman self-selecting medicine at a pharmacy

Engaging patients with cold and flu: putting theory into practice

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Having a meaningful conversation with patients about cold and flu symptoms and management can be challenging, but it can be made easier by applying effective consultation skill theory to everyday practice.

Making consultations matter

Making consultations in community pharmacy matter

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Patients should use pharmacy as their first point of call for advice for the management of minor conditions, such as cold and flu, and have clear expectations around what pharmacy can offer. This article outlines the approach and principles behind effective and meaningful consultations.

Outlining the vital role of each member of the pharmacy team and highlighting best practice when patients present with cold and flu ensures a consistent, high standard of care is available across pharmacy

Reconsidering community pharmacy’s role in cold and fluVideo

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Outlining the vital role of each member of the pharmacy team and highlighting best practice when patients present with cold and flu ensures a consistent, high standard of care is available across pharmacy.

Case-based learning: Sore throat

Case-based learning: sore throatSubscription


Most sore throats are caused by viral infections and get better within a week through self-care. However, it is important to recognise when a sore throat is a symptom of a more serious illness.


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