Pharmacists should be able to describe the differences between acute lymphoblastic and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and the available treatment.
This article describes how to apply the polypharmacy framework at individual patient level through the use of a case study.
There are several tools pharmacists can use when assessing a patient’s medicines; however, patient input and appropriate questions can have a profound impact in ensuring medicines optimisation.
Hepatitis A infection: symptoms and managementSubscription
Pharmacists must understand how hepatitis A is spread and how it affects patients in order to ensure prompt, effective treatment and to reduce the spread of the infection.
Patient education and self management are central to treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and preventing its associated complications.
Early diagnosis and multi-modal treatment is necessary to improve quality of life in adolescents and women with endometriosis.
Heart failure, older people and frailtySubscription
Diagnosis of heart failure and frailty can often be masked by other long-term conditions, making the delivery of treatment goals complicated.
Male hypogonadism can significantly affect health and quality of life; however, diagnosis and management can be challenging.
Managing osteoporosis in older peopleSubscription
How to understand bone health in the context of the older person, including risk assessment, prevention and the management of osteoporosis in patients likely to have multiple comorbidities.
Practical guidelines for the treatment and management of Stevens–Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, rare but life-threatening conditions that are normally caused by drugs or infections.
Non-pharmacological interventions, such as maintaining good sleep hygiene and a healthy diet, can help improve, resolve or prevent depression.
It is well known that high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, there are lifestyle interventions that pharmacists can encourage patients to implement to reduce this risk.
Dental caries, periodontal disease and oral cancer are health problems that can be prevented with the help of community pharmacists.
Case-based learning: postnatal depressionSubscription
Appropriate early recognition and timely treatment of postnatal depression is essential if patients are to make a full recovery.
Although it is common to see pharmacogenomic testing used North America and Australia, it is not yet part of practice in the UK. With the promise of genomic screening becoming part of the NHS, pharmacists must equip themselves with a knowledge of how the process works.
Postnatal depression: recognition and diagnosisSubscription
Pharmacists are likely to encounter patients affected by postnatal depression; therefore, the ability to identify signs of this under-recognised disorder is essential for appropriate and prompt referral for help and support.
There are several factors to consider when designing a new pharmacy service — this hospital-based example helps demonstrate some of the steps involved.
Patients often use their pharmacy as the first point of call for advice on the management of acute pain. This article outlines how to conduct a patient-centred acute pain consultation using a shared-decision making approach.
Test yourself: the 2019 CPD and learning quiz Subscription
Take this quiz, with questions based on 2019’s CPD and learning articles, and test your knowledge of subjects ranging from dermatological conditions to infectious diseases.
Pharmacists and their teams should be able to manage patients presenting with ear discharge, earache and dizziness effectively, referring patients only when necessary.