The latest learning and CPD content on cardiovascular diseases. Under ‘Other resources’ you will find all our other content related to cardiovascular diseases.
CPD and Learning
This overview describes the different management options for acute coronary syndrome and how pharmacists can support patients with the condition.
It is well known that high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, there are lifestyle interventions that pharmacists can encourage patients to implement to reduce this risk.
Ensuring patients are optimised on maximum tolerated doses of medicines in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is essential in minimising the burden of the condition.
Aphasia is a communication disability, most often caused by stroke, which occurs when the language centres of the brain are damaged. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals should be aware of how the communication needs of people with aphasia vary based on the severity of the condition, and how they can best provide support with medicines optimisation.
Stroke: classification and diagnosisSubscription
In light of the many pressures currently facing the NHS, as well as an ever increasing ageing population, pharmacists and healthcare professionals should be aware of the risk factors for stroke, its classification and diagnosis.
Early diagnosis of lower limb oedema is crucial to prevent early oedema becoming chronic. Pharmacists and other healthcare professionals are ideally placed to identify patients on certain medicines at higher risk of oedema, and should be aware of signs of chronic oedema when assessing patients to allow for prompt referral.
The role of non-statin drugs, including ezetimibe, fibrates, bile acid binders, nicotinic acid derivatives, omega-3 fatty acid supplements and PCSK9 inhibitors, for the management of dyslipidaemia in adults.
Risk stratification and ongoing care is important in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome, the new collective term for unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction.
Effective detection and management of hypertension through community pharmacy in EnglandSubscription
Management of hypertension does not routinely occur in English pharmacies, despite community pharmacy being an ideal place for screening to take place. By examining and learning from the evidence, pharmacies in England can help patients maintain ideal blood pressure levels and improve health outcomes.
A low-intensity psychological intervention did not improve physical activity and weight loss in people at risk of cardiovascular disease events, a study published in Heart has shown.
Pharmacist-led interventions in GP practices can successfully reduce risk factors for cardiovascular events, a systematic review and meta-analysis published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology has suggested.
Taking antihypertensive medications in the evening, rather than the morning, improves blood pressure control and reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, a study published in the European Heart Journal suggests.
Sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors are associated with a reduced risk of heart failure compared with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors, even in people without a history of cardiovascular disease, a study published in The BMJ has shown.
Nearly 30 million adults without cardiovascular disease in the United States could be at risk of harm from taking daily aspirin as a preventative medicine.
Power of one: what is holding polypills back?Subscription
Single pills with fixed-dose combinations of several medicines are not commonplace for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. As the first randomised controlled trial to show a polypill can cut the risk of heart attacks is published, we look at why, nearly two decades after it was first proposed, development and uptake is limited.
Researchers have identified a plausible drug–drug interaction between laxatives and non-potassium-sparing diuretics.
Pharmacist-led interventions and patient education are better at improving adherence to lipid-lowering drugs than other types of intervention, such as electronic or telephone reminders, study results show.
Fruits and vegetables lower blood pressure and slash medication costs for kidney disease patientsSubscription
The cost of antihypertensive drugs nearly halved when researchers assigned patients to eat alkali-inducing fruit and vegetables.
Researchers have identified 12 drug classes associated with Raynaud’s phenomenon that should be prescribed with caution in patients with a history of the condition.
Patients had significantly better adherence scores following community pharmacy intervention measures.
Simvastatin induces calcium-dependent apoptosisSubscription
Simvastatin inhibits proliferation of tumour cells and induces calcium-dependent apoptosis, shows new research published in Journal of Biological Chemistry.
Evidence that pravastatin is of long-term benefit when started after hospital admission for unstable angina is provided by the results of a new trial.