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Burns: clinical features and prognosis

By Nicola Rudall, MSc, MRPharmS, and Andy Green, DipClinPharm, MRPharmS

FlamesThere are many causes of burns. Patients with complex burns should be referred to a specialist burns unit


Burns are sustained by approximately 175,000 people in the UK each year and vary widely in severity and cause.

The presentation depends of the cause of the burn (eg, from heat, chemicals, electricity or other miscellaneous causes such as friction) and the severity of the burn (which depends on percentage of body surface area burnt and thickness of the burn).

Sequelae of large burns include hypovolaemic shock, hypothermia, deranged blood test results, metabolic abnormalities and compartment syndrome.

Nicola Rudall is senior lead clinical pharmacist for perioperative and critical care and Andy Green is senior lead clinical pharmacist for surgical services, both at Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.


Citation: Clinical Pharmacist URI: 11017150

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