Cognitive behavioural therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy: breaking the cycle
The most common alternative to pharmacological treatment offered to patients with depression and anxiety by the NHS is cognitive behavioural therapy, or ‘CBT’. This guide details how it works.
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How does CBT work?
- CBT is based on the concept that thoughts, feelings, physical symptoms and behaviours are interconnected.
- CBT challenges people to identify unhelpful thoughts and evaluate evidence for and against them.
- This process allows problems to be addressed more realistically, and emotions to be proportional.
- Making a change in one of these areas can break the cycle and result in more helpful thinking patterns and behaviours.
- A course of CBT can be up to 20 sessions, usually once per week or fortnight, with each session lasting 30–60 minutes.
Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2020.20207745
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