Cookie policy: This site uses cookies (small files stored on your computer) to simplify and improve your experience of this website. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies.

Join

Subscribe or Register

Existing user? Login

Immunotherapy

Melanoma therapy that targets PD-1 recommended for EU approval

The European Medicines Agency has recommended granting a marketing authorisation for new melanoma treatment nivolumab (Opdivo; Bristol-Myers Squibb), a monoclonal antibody that blocks a receptor called “programmed death-1” or PD-1.

Nivolumab is the first anticancer agent selectively targeting PD-1 to be recommended for approval in the EU. It works by activating the immune system to kill melanoma cells. The product is part of a growing group of treatments known as immune checkpoint inhibitors. The approval still needs to be authorised by the European Commission.

Nivolumab is recommended as a monotherapy for adults with advanced — unresectable or metastatic — melanoma, offering hope to those with a poor prognosis.

If detected early, melanoma can often be removed by surgery and has a very good prognosis, but advanced disease has poor survival rates, with only 10–30% of patients still alive after five years.

In one randomised trial, 418 patients with advanced malignant melanoma who had not received previous treatment were given either nivolumab or standard chemotherapy (dacarbazine). After 12 months, the survival rate for those on nivolumab was much higher than those on dacarbazine (73% compared with 42%), according to the EMA.

A second study randomised 405 patients who had received previous treatment for their melanoma to receive nivolumab or chemotherapy (either dacarbazine or carboplatin and paclitaxel). It found that a greater proportion of patients responded to nivolumab compared with chemotherapy (31.7% compared with 10.6%). There is a follow-up plan to monitor the product’s safety and efficacy.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab for previously treated unresectable or metastatic melanoma in December 2014. In March 2015, the FDA approved an add-on indication for the treatment of patients with metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy.

Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2015.20068415

Have your say

For commenting, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines. You will be re-directed back to this page where you will have the ability to comment.

Recommended from Pharmaceutical Press

  • Drugs in Use

    Drugs in Use

    Optimise drug therapy for your patients. These case studies help you bridge the gap between theoretical medicines knowledge and practical applications.

    £43.00Buy now
  • Basic Pharmacokinetics

    Basic Pharmacokinetics

    A clear and concise basic pharmacokinetics textbook. Shows how to apply the principles to achieve successful drug therapy.

    £54.00Buy now
  • Introducing Palliative Care (IPC 5)

    Introducing Palliative Care (IPC 5)

    A key resource for students, covering the recommended palliative curriculum for medical undergraduates.

    £25.00Buy now

Search an extensive range of the world’s most trusted resources

Powered by MedicinesComplete
  • Print
  • Share
  • Comment
  • Save
  • Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Newsletter Sign-up

Want to keep up with the latest news, comment and CPD articles in pharmacy and science? Subscribe to our free alerts.