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Rheumatoid arthritis

DMARDs do not increase post-surgical infection risk

Rates of post-surgical infections did not increase for patients taking disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biologics, researchers discover.

X-ray of arthritic hands

Source: Science Photo Library

To find whether disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are associated with post-operative infections, the researchers analysed surgery data from more than 5,500 patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologics suppress the immune system, so patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) sometimes stop taking them before surgery, which could increase their risk of a disease flare-up.

To find out whether DMARDs are associated with post-operative infections, researchers analysed data on 9,362 surgeries for 5,544 RA patients treated with methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine or leflunomide alone, or methotrexate plus a tumour necrosis factor α-inhibitor.

The team found that the rate of post-operative infections or wound infections was no greater in patients who continued therapy compared with those who stopped treatment prior to surgery.

The researchers, who reported their findings at the ACR/ARHP annual meeting in Washington on 14 November 2016[1], say the results suggest disease-modifying treatments can be continued during the perioperative period, which might reduce the need for rescue medication, such as steroids, owing to disease flare-ups.

Citation: Clinical Pharmacist DOI: 10.1211/CP.2016.20201990

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  • X-ray of arthritic hands

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