Glaucoma treatment may counter the virulence of tuberculosis
Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis must sense and adapt to environmental cues in order to establish and maintain infection in a host. It does this in part via a signal transduction system called PhoPR.
After screening more than 200,000 compounds, US researchers have identified a drug that inhibits the PhoPR regulon, so it could be used to dampen the virulence of M. tuberculosis infection. The drug is ethoxzolamide — a sulfonamide and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat glaucoma and duodenal ulcers, and a diuretic.
Having identified the compound, the researchers then showed ethoxzolamide reduced M. tuberculosis growth in both macrophages and infected mice. “We propose that ethoxzolamide may be pursued as a new class of antivirulence therapy,” they write in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (2015;59(8):4436–4445).
Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2015.20069109
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