Cookie policy: This site uses cookies (small files stored on your computer) to simplify and improve your experience of this website. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies.


Subscribe or Register

Existing user? Login


Morning flu vaccination may enhance immune response

Older patients who received an influenza vaccination in the morning produced a larger concentration of antibodies compared with those given the vaccination in the afternoon, study shows.

An elderly woman receives a flu vaccination


Giving older people a flu vaccination in the morning may enhance their immune response

Older people’s immune systems decline with age, reducing their ability to produce an adequate antibody response after influenza vaccination. 

University of Birmingham researchers wanted to discover whether the time the flu vaccination is given has any impact on the amount of antibodies produced. 

Some 276 patients aged over 65 years from 24 practices in the West Midlands were vaccinated against three flu strains in either a morning or afternoon clinic. A month after the vaccination was given, the morning patients had produced a larger concentration of antibodies against two of the flu strains compared with those treated in the afternoon. 

Reporting their findings in Vaccine (online, 26 April 2016)[1], the researchers conclude that morning vaccinations may help create more effective flu and other immunisation strategies.

Citation: Clinical Pharmacist DOI: 10.1211/CP.2016.20201082

Have your say

For commenting, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines. You will be re-directed back to this page where you will have the ability to comment.

Recommended from Pharmaceutical Press

Search an extensive range of the world’s most trusted resources

Powered by MedicinesComplete
  • Print
  • Share
  • Comment
  • Save
  • Print Friendly Version of this pagePrint Get a PDF version of this webpagePDF

Supplementary images

  • An elderly woman receives a flu vaccination

Newsletter Sign-up

Want to keep up with the latest news, comment and CPD articles in pharmacy and science? Subscribe to our free alerts.