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Clinical research

Novel drug ozanimod effective in ulcerative colitis

Study results show 16% of patients receiving ozanimod were in remission after eight weeks of treatment.

Endoscopic image of ulcerative colitis showing loss of vascular pattern of the sigmoid colon

Source: Kauczuk / Wikimedia Commons

Patients with ulcerative colitis who were treated with ozanimod 1mg daily had higher rates of clinical response, mucosal healing and histologic remission than patients given placebo

It is thought that the oral sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor agonist ozanimod might be effective in ulcerative colitis by reducing the number of activated lymphocytes in the gastrointestinal tract. 

Researchers studied its efficacy in a phase II trial involving 197 patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis randomly assigned to ozanimod 0.5mg or 1.0mg daily or placebo. Patients could also receive glucocorticoids or aminosalicylates. 

The researchers report in The New England Journal of Medicine (online, 5 May 2016)[1] that at week eight, 16% of those who received ozanimod 1mg were in remission, significantly more than in the placebo group at 6%. At 32 weeks, patients on the 1mg dose also had higher rates of clinical response, mucosal healing and histologic remission than the placebo group. 

The authors conclude that larger studies of longer duration are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of the drug.

Citation: Clinical Pharmacist DOI: 10.1211/CP.2016.20201123

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Supplementary images

  • Endoscopic image of ulcerative colitis showing loss of vascular pattern of the sigmoid colon

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