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Chemotherapy

Paclitaxel plus trastuzumab tested in node-negative HER2-positive breast cancer

US researchers test paclitaxel plus trastuzumab in node-negative HER2-positive breast cancer. In the image, light micrograph of breast cancer cells

Source: Dr Torsten Wittman / Science Photo Library

Study findings do not support trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in all breast cancer patients with small HER2-positive tumours, say researchers

There is no standard treatment for patients with small, node-negative HER2-positive breast cancer. In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine (online, 8 January 2015)[1], US researchers tested a regimen of adjuvant paclitaxel and trastuzumab in 406 such patients. Combination treatment was for 12 weeks followed by nine months of trastuzumab monotherapy.

The median follow-up period was 4.0 years and the three-year rate of survival free from invasive disease was 98.7% (95% confidence interval 97.6 to 99.8). There were 12 relapses, of which two were due to distant metastatic breast cancer, and the rate of serious adverse effects was low, with a heart failure incidence of 0.5%.

While the researchers say that patient outcomes were better than expected, they concede that their study does not support trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in all patients with small HER2-positive tumours.

Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2015.20067597

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