Pharmacy-led programme improves surgery outcomes for patients with diabetes
Glycaemic control programme improves post-surgery outcomes for diabetic patients.
Patients with diabetes and stress-induced hyperglycaemia are at increased risk of complications following surgery.
Researchers from the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research in Portland, Oregon, found that a pharmacy-led glycaemic control programme improved post-surgical outcomes for such patients.
The programme involved a team of dedicated ‘glycaemic pharmacists’, who were available seven days a week to manage intravenous insulin, calculate insulin doses, and manage parenteral nutrition, among other responsibilities.
Compared with a cohort of patients who underwent surgery before the programme was introduced, patients treated in the programme were more likely to have good glycaemic control after surgery (odds ratio [OR] 2.24 in year 1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.85–2.72; P<0.0001) and were less likely to develop hypoglycaemia (OR 0.38 in year 1; 95% CI 0.31–0.46; P<0.0001).
Patients treated in the programme were also less likely to require readmission in the three months following surgery and incurred lower medical costs during six-month follow up.
Citation: Clinical Pharmacist DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2015.20200111
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