Cookie policy: This site uses cookies (small files stored on your computer) to simplify and improve your experience of this website. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies.


Subscribe or Register

Existing user? Login

  • You are here:Home
  • Learning

Burn is an injury caused by thermal (heat), electrical, chemical or radiation energy. In the image, a close up of a third-degree burn

Burns: assessment and treatmentSubscription

Quick action is required with burns to minimise tissue damage and prevent infection.

Joint replacement surgery (pictured) should be considered when a patient with OA suffers persistent debilitating symptoms despite treatment

Osteoarthritis: managementSubscription

A wide range of drug classes are used to treat osteoarthritis, although there is a lack of detailed guidance because of the variable nature of the condition.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis (in the image, X-ray of knee with OA). Typical OA features seen on X-ray include joint space narrowing, bone spurs, subchondral sclerosis and subchondral cysts

Osteoarthritis: pathophysiology and diagnosisSubscription

The diagnosis of the degenerative disorder osteoarthritis is based on clinical signs and risk factors.

With up to 253,000 deaths related to drug misuse globally, understanding how to identify and treat drug overdoses can save lives. In the image, a drug addicts injects heroin

Illicit drug overdose: managing emergency careSubscription

With up to 253,000 deaths related to drug misuse globally, understanding how to identify and treat drug overdoses can save lives.

Coloured 3D computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen of a patient with impacted bowels, which could occur in patients with untreated constipation

Constipation: managing the condition in adultsSubscription

How to assess patients with constipation and select the right treatment to minimise the risk of complications.

Dialysis involves passing the patient’s blood against a semi-permeable membrane. The main options are haemodialysis (HD) pictured, using a dialysis machine and peritoneal dialysis (PD), which uses the patient’s peritoneum

Dialysis: principles and treatment optionsSubscription

How to choose between haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis when starting renal replacement therapy.

Patients with end-stage renal disease require renal replacement therapy, such as dialysis, to replace the function of the kidneys. Patients will require clinical management to provide a number of small functions. In the image, a patient receives dialysis

Dialysis: managementSubscription

How to identify and manage potential complications and challenges presented by haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Step-by-step guide on what to do when a patient experiences an epileptic seizure. In the image, a woman has an electroencephalography

Epileptic seizure: urgent actionSubscription

Find out what to do if a patient experiences an epileptic seizure in our step-by-step guide.

High magnification micrograph of liver cirrhosis

Liver impairment: ensuring medicines safetySubscription

How liver disease can affect absorption and excretion and the clinical consequences for common medicines.

Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of red blood cells. Iron deficiency anaemia is usually related to low intake of iron

Iron deficiency anaemia: basic managementSubscription

Test your knowledge with this case study on a common condition with non-specific symptoms.

More CPD modules

Incompatibility poses a constant risk when mixing medicines but it can be avoided by understanding the chemical reactions taking place. In the image, a group of IV drips in hospital

Mixing medicines: how to ensure patient safetySubscription

Incompatibility poses a constant risk when mixing medicines but it can be avoided by understanding the chemical reactions taking place.

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by toxin-producing strains of the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus (GAS), pictured

Scarlet fever: acute management and infection controlSubscription

With England facing increased levels of scarlet fever for the second consecutive year, find out how to identify and treat this communicable disease.

Linaclotide, lubiprostone and prucalopride are some of the latest medicines for the management of constipation. In the image, barium enema x-ray of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Linaclotide, lubiprostone and prucalopride interactionsSubscription

How to avoid potential pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions with the latest medicines for managing constipation.

In the image, a colour x-ray of a coronary artery with Kawasaki disease, a type of vasculitis. Vasculitis is a collection of rare diseases characterised by the inflammation of blood vessel walls.

Managing ANCA-associated vasculitisSubscription

Treatment of vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies requires immunosuppressive therapies and close monitoring of the patient to manage toxicity.

X-ray of deep vein thrombosis, pictured. Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are used widely for the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Low molecular weight heparins for treating venous thromboembolismSubscription

How to start patients on these common injected anticoagulants and optimise treatment.

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are indicated in the management of most patients with asthma and some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the image, a scanning electron micrograph (SEM) showing alveoli and pulmonary blood vessels

Inhaled corticosteroids: managing side effectsSubscription

Inhaled corticosteroids are commonly prescribed but need careful management to minimise the risk of side effects.

Coloured magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain, in profile, of a 35 year old woman with multiple sclerosis (MS)

Tizanidine interactionsSubscription

Careful titration of the skeletal muscle relaxant tizanidine is required to avoid dose-related hypotension, and its serum levels can be increased by drugs that inhibit CYP1A2.

Learning articles of the year: check your knowledge of subjects ranging from ebola to QT syndrome.

Highlights of CPD and learning in 2014Subscription

Try our clinical quiz, taken from this year’s learning articles, and check your knowledge of subjects ranging from Ebola to QT syndrome.


Pipeline November 2014Subscription

The latest approvals and positive opinions from the European Medicines Agency.

Pathology specimen of Crohn's disease (pictured) is a condition of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Optimising therapy for inflammatory bowel diseaseSubscription

How to tailor treatment for patients and ensure optimum management of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

More Learning articles


The Pharmaceutical Journal (PJ) is the official weekly journal of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society. With a circulation of over 30,000 copies the PJ has the largest circulation of any weekly pharmaceutical publication in the world.

Subscribe today

Publication of the Year 2010 and 2011

Avicenna Media Awards

Medical Publication of the year 2007

Medical Journalists’ Association

Mobile app

Keep in touch with the world of pharmacy and medicines with our app, at home, at work and on the move.

App store Google Play

Newsletter Sign-up

Want to keep up with the latest news, comment and CPD articles in pharmacy and science? Subscribe to our free newsletters.

Pharmaceutical Journal Jobs

More jobs