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Giardia protozoan parasite (pictured) is the cause of the giardiasis infection, usually contracted by drinking contaminated water

Assessing suspected food poisoning cases in the UKSubscription


With more than 20,000 patients hospitalised in the UK each year due to food poisoning, quick assessment is essential.

Asthma management is based on a stepwise approach that should see medicines added or stopped based on patient symptoms

Asthma: long-term managementSubscription

By Hasanin Khachi, ,

Asthma management is based on a stepwise approach that should see medicines added or stopped based on patient symptoms.

Scintigram of a lung of a person suffering from asthma, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways

Asthma: pathophysiology, causes and diagnosisSubscription

By , , Hasanin Khachi

Despite asthma affecting more than 5.4 million people in the UK, there is no gold standard test and diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms.

Chlamydia (pictured) is one of a series of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that have increased considerably in the last ten years

Treating bacterial sexually transmitted infectionsSubscription

By , ,

How to identify and treat the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections and reduce the threat posed to public health.

Identifying patients at risk of diabetes

Identifying patients at risk of diabetesSubscription

By ,

With 11.5 million people at risk in the UK, it is essential to recognise the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment is based on combination chemotherapy

Lymphomas: current and future treatment optionsSubscription


The management of lymphomas involves a range of different chemotherapy schedules, with novel medicines emerging and offering better treatment options.

Coloured micrograph of lymphoma cancer cells in a lymph node

Lymphomas: pathogenesis, clinical features and diagnosisSubscription


Lymphomas are some of the most common cancers in the UK, with a wide variation in disease progression and prognosis between subtypes.

Fractured osteoporotic hip of an elderly woman after a fall. Around one in three people aged over 65 years falls at least once a year. This increases to around 50% of people older than 75 years

Preventing falls in older peopleSubscription


How pharmacy teams can reduce the risk of falls in elderly people by identifying risk factors and managing medicines.

Interpreting ECG to minimise patients' risk of heart symptoms caused by long QT syndrome

Long QT syndromeSubscription

By ,

How to interpret ECG readings in long QT syndrome and minimise patients’ risk of heart symptoms caused by this cardiac arrhythmia.

Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a severe skin condition with a high mortality rate, is caused by adverse drug reactions

Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysisSubscription

By ,

Adverse drug reactions account for most cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a severe skin condition with a high mortality rate.

Pomegranate and other citrus fruit juices can interact with common medicines and put patients at risk

How fruit juice interacts with common medicinesSubscription

By , ,

How fruit juices can interact with common medicines and put your patients at risk.

Borderline personality disorder and mental health

Borderline personality disorder: managementSubscription

By , ,

Although a wide variety of psychotropic medicines are used for borderline personality disorder, there is a weak evidence base and treatment is controversial.

Man in corner with borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder: diagnosis, clinical features and pathophysiologySubscription

By , ,

People with borderline personality disorder often have difficulties in maintaining social relationships and they have a high risk of suicide.

Micrograph of dentine tubules, which when exposed results in hypersensitivity

Dentine hypersensitivitySubscription

By ,

The causes and treatments for a condition that affects six out of ten people at any time.

Traffic jam in the M25, UK

Driving after taking drugs and medicinesSubscription


Find out how new drug driving rules coming into force from March 2015 will affect your patients.

Alcoholic beverages in bar

How to deliver brief interventions for alcohol misuseSubscription

By ,

How to assess patients for alcohol use disorders and ensure they get the right level of advice and support.

Dying patient receiving palliative care

New priorities for palliative careSubscription


The Liverpool Care Pathway has been replaced by five new principles for palliative care, which have a significant impact on pharmacy practice.

Doctor uses a defibrillator on a patient

Atrial fibrillation guideline updatesSubscription


How the latest clinical guidelines change the management of a cardiac arrhythmia affecting 1% of adults in the UK.

Light micrograph of uric acid crystals from a gouty joint

Acute management and prevention of goutSubscription


Ways to treat this painful condition that affects almost 900,000 people in the UK and how lifestyle changes can prevent further attacks.

Trichophyton interdigitale, the fungus responsible for athlete's foot.

Over-the-counter treatments for athlete's footSubscription

By ,

This fungal skin infection is estimated to affect more than 15% of the world’s population. Make sure your pharmacy team knows how to advise patients in managing this common condition.

Propionibacterium acnes, bacteria that causes acne

Acne vulgaris Subscription


Acne affects eight out of ten teenagers and can persist into later life. Pharmacists have a wide range of treatments to offer patients.

HIV Virus

HIV: pathology, diagnosis and preventionSubscription


The human immunodeficiency virus hijacks the immune system of its host. Despite the success of antiretroviral therapy, challenges still remain in reducing the spread of the virus

Blood sample

HIV: managementSubscription


Combined antiretroviral therapy is taken by people with HIV infection to prolong and improve quality of life. Patients require a high level of support to help them adhere to the complex regimens prescribed

More CPD articles

Pipeline November 2014Subscription


The latest approvals and positive opinions from the European Medicines Agency.

Pathology specimen of Crohn's disease (pictured) is a condition of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Optimising therapy for inflammatory bowel diseaseSubscription


How to tailor treatment for patients and ensure optimum management of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

Growing antimicrobial resistance is growing and results in 25,000 deaths in Europe each year. In the image, enterobacteriaceae (CRE) bacterium in an antibiotic susceptibility test proved to be resistant to all of the antibiotics tested

Improving antimicrobial stewardshipVideoSubscription


Improve your practice and slow the increasing levels of antimicrobial resistance that already cost around 25,000 deaths across Europe each year.

Cangliflozin and dapagliflozine are used to treat diabetes as each blocks the reabsorption of glucose in the proximal convoluted tubule of the kidneys

Canagliflozin and dapagliflozin interactions in diabetes treatmentSubscription

By , ,

Find out which interactions are associated with the latest antidiabetic medicines.

Complications after cardiac surgery can be life-threatening but are manageable with appropriate drug treatment

Cardiac surgery: caring for a patient and managing complicationsSubscription


Life-threatening complications following cardiac surgery are common, but can be managed with appropriate treatment.

Stephen Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, during a TED conference

What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?Subscription

By ,

The ‘ice bucket challenge’ was started to raise awareness of ALS; find out more about this fatal neurodegenerative condition.

Entrance to Mid-Staffordhire NHS Trust

Reporting concerns and whistleblowingSubscription


How to raise concerns and develop a positive whistleblowing culture to safeguard your patients.

Ebola facilities at the Royal Free Hospital in London

Ebola: what pharmacists need to knowSubscription


Pharmacists are ideally placed to help educate the public during the current outbreak of Ebola virus disease.


Treatment of complex oral lesionsSubscription

By , , ,

Patients with complex oral lesions are often prescribed treatments off-label. Pharmacists can assist in the care of these patients by counselling them on appropriate use of topical preparations.


Theophylline interactionsSubscription

By , ,

Can someone start nicotine replacement therapy while taking theophylline to manage COPD?

Hidradenitis suppurativa

Hidradenitis suppurativaSubscription


Although there is no cure for this painful condition, pharmacists can play a key role in its management.


Managing heat exhaustion in primary careSubscription


Heat-related conditions account for more than 1,000 deaths in the UK each year, a death toll set to rise as extreme weather events become the new norm.

Amoebic dysentery in an elderly patientSubscription

By ,

A 70-year-old, 47kg woman was admitted via the accident and emergency department with a 14-day history of diarrhoea with recent urge incontinence, cramping abdominal pain and three episodes of vomiting. The patient was diagnosed with amoebic dysentery. Read on to learn about the patient’s signs and symptoms.

IV_catheter_Andrzej Tokarski_dreams

Are there any advantages in using heparin solutions to flush intravascular catheters?Subscription

Should heparin-based solutions be used in preference to normal saline to prevent obstruction in indwelling intravascular catheters? 

How clozapine patients can be monitored safely and effectivelySubscription

By ,

Patients who are taking clozapine require ongoing monitoring because of the risk of serious blood dyscrasias. What should pharmacists be checking before they dispense the medicine? The drug is subject to strict monitoring requirements because it is associated with serious side effects.

Coloured X-ray of the hip of an elderly woman with a fractured femur (lower right, red) caused by osteoporosis

Osteoporosis: diagnosis and risk assessmentSubscription

By ,

Osteoporosis is caused by an imbalance in the process of bone remodelling and is most common in the ageing population

Question from practice: Management of paracetamol overdoseSubscription

By ,

Deliberate overdose with paracetamol is a common method of self-harm. This is particularly true for young people of children aged under 15 years presenting to hospital after deliberate overdose, more than 50 per cent had taken paracetamol.

How to provide ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for patientsSubscription


Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides information on how a patient’s blood pressure changes over a 24-hour period. Pharmacists are well placed to provide this service in primary care

Osteoporosis managementSubscription

By ,

Patients with osteoporosis may require pharmacological treatment to increase bone mineral density and correct low levels of calcium and vitamin D — thereby lowering their risk of fracture 

Jigsaw pieces making up a brain

Concerns with using sodium valproate to treat epilepsy in pregnant womenSubscription

By ,

Using sodium valproate during pregnancy can put babies at risk of developmental problems. Kalliopi Dodou and Paul Whiteley explore some ofthe recent evidence

Promoting self care in the community: the evidence and why it is importantSubscription

By ,

Self care has become increasingly important to the NHS as it undergoes its most fundamental restructuring for many years. Budgets are becoming more difficult to manage in light of the increasing health burden caused by long-term conditions, an ageing population and conditions related to lifestyle choices such as smoking.

How to print CPD questions

4 NOV 2014By

Many readers have asked how to print CPD questions on the Pharmaceutical Journal website. Chris Chapman describes the new solution

MOOC's infographic on geographic distribution of students and courses offered

MOOCing a change — using online courses to enhance your learning and reach a wider audienceSubscription

24 OCT 2014By

Massive open online courses present learners with a new way to access information and interact with other participants. Setting one up can help you reach a diverse global audience.

Liberal Democrat peer to lead revalidation advisory groupSubscription

21 OCT 2014

Lord Kirwood of Kirkhope has been appointed chairman of a group set up to provide advice to pharmacy regulators about continuing fitness to practise reforms.

More on continuing professional development

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